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Mooladhanam Tamil Book Pdf

Mooladhanam Tamil Book PDF: A Review

Mooladhanam, or Das Kapital in Tamil, is a monumental work of political economy and social critique by the German philosopher Karl Marx. The book, which consists of three volumes and five parts, analyzes the capitalist mode of production, its historical development, and its inherent contradictions. Marx exposes the exploitation of labor, the class struggle, and the laws of motion of the capitalist system.

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The book was translated into Tamil by Thiyagu, a Marxist-Leninist activist and writer, and published by New Century Book House in 2014. The translation is based on the original German edition and the English edition edited by Friedrich Engels, Marx's close collaborator and friend. The translation also includes an introduction by R. Krishnaiyya, a Marxist scholar and editor.

The book is a must-read for anyone interested in understanding the dynamics of capitalism and its impact on society, culture, and politics. It is also a valuable source of inspiration for those who aspire to change the world for the better. The book challenges the reader to think critically and creatively about the existing social order and its alternatives.

The book is available in hardbound format and can be purchased online from The book has a total of 3200 pages and is divided into three volumes. The first volume covers the process of production of capital, the second volume covers the process of circulation of capital, and the third volume covers the process of capitalist production as a whole.

The book is also available in PDF format for free download from, a progressive Tamil website that publishes articles on various topics such as politics, history, literature, culture, and science. The website also provides PDF links to other important books on communism and related subjects.

Mooladhanam is a classic work that has influenced generations of thinkers, activists, and leaders across the world. It is a book that deserves to be read, studied, and discussed by everyone who cares about the future of humanity.

Some Key Concepts and Terms in Mooladhanam

In this section, we will briefly explain some of the key concepts and terms that Marx uses in his analysis of capitalism. These concepts and terms are essential for understanding the arguments and insights that Marx presents in his book.

  • Commodity: A commodity is anything that can be bought and sold in the market. It has two aspects: use-value and exchange-value. Use-value is the usefulness or utility of a commodity for satisfying human needs or wants. Exchange-value is the ratio at which one commodity can be exchanged for another commodity in the market. For example, a loaf of bread has a use-value as food, and an exchange-value as the amount of money or other commodities that it can be traded for.

  • Money: Money is a universal equivalent of all commodities. It is a commodity that can be exchanged for any other commodity in the market. It serves as a medium of exchange, a measure of value, and a store of value. Money is also a form of capital, which means that it can be used to generate more money through investment or lending.

  • Capital: Capital is the accumulated wealth that is used to produce more wealth. It is not a thing, but a social relation between the owners of capital (capitalists) and the workers who use capital to produce commodities (proletariat). Capital can take various forms, such as money, machines, raw materials, land, etc. The main characteristic of capital is that it produces surplus-value, which is the source of profit for the capitalists.

  • Surplus-value: Surplus-value is the difference between the value of the commodities produced by the workers and the value of the wages paid to them by the capitalists. It is the unpaid labor of the workers that is appropriated by the capitalists as their profit. Surplus-value can be increased by extending the working hours (absolute surplus-value) or by increasing the productivity of labor (relative surplus-value).

  • Class: Class is a group of people who share a common relation to the means of production. In capitalism, there are two main classes: the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The bourgeoisie are the owners of capital, who exploit the labor of the proletariat to accumulate more capital. The proletariat are the workers who sell their labor-power to the bourgeoisie in exchange for wages. The class struggle is the conflict between these two classes over the distribution of surplus-value.

These are some of the basic concepts and terms that Marx uses in his book. There are many more concepts and terms that are explained in detail in each chapter and section of Mooladhanam. The book is not an easy read, but it is worth the effort to grasp its profound insights and implications. Some Benefits and Challenges of Reading Mooladhanam

Reading Mooladhanam can have many benefits for the reader, such as:

  • Enhancing one's knowledge and understanding of the world: Mooladhanam provides a comprehensive and scientific analysis of the capitalist system, its history, its contradictions, and its consequences. It helps the reader to understand the root causes of many social problems, such as poverty, inequality, oppression, war, environmental degradation, etc. It also helps the reader to appreciate the diversity and complexity of human societies and cultures.

  • Developing one's critical and creative thinking skills: Mooladhanam challenges the reader to question the dominant ideologies and assumptions that shape our worldview and behavior. It encourages the reader to think independently and dialectically, that is, to consider multiple perspectives and contradictions in any situation. It also inspires the reader to imagine alternative possibilities and solutions for a better future.

  • Empowering one's action and participation in social change: Mooladhanam is not just a book of theory, but also a book of practice. It is a guide for action and a manifesto for revolution. It shows the reader that capitalism is not inevitable or natural, but a historical and social construct that can be changed by human agency. It also shows the reader that the working class is the revolutionary subject that can overthrow capitalism and create a new society based on communism.

However, reading Mooladhanam can also pose some challenges for the reader, such as:

  • Dealing with the difficulty and complexity of the text: Mooladhanam is not an easy read. It is a long and dense book that uses many technical terms and concepts. It requires a lot of concentration and patience from the reader. It also requires some background knowledge of economics, history, philosophy, and politics. The reader may need to consult other sources or experts to clarify some points or doubts.

  • Facing the resistance and opposition from others: Mooladhanam is a controversial and radical book that goes against the mainstream views and values of society. It may provoke negative reactions or criticisms from others who disagree or feel threatened by its ideas. The reader may face hostility or ridicule from family, friends, colleagues, teachers, authorities, etc. The reader may also face censorship or repression from the state or other powerful forces.

  • Taking responsibility and action for one's beliefs: Mooladhanam is not just a book to read, but also a book to live by. It demands from the reader a commitment and a consistency between one's thoughts and actions. It calls for the reader to join or support the struggle of the working class and other oppressed groups against capitalism and its allies. It also calls for the reader to contribute to the building of a new society based on communism.

These are some of the benefits and challenges of reading Mooladhanam. The book is not for everyone, but for those who are willing to take up the challenge, it can be a rewarding and transformative experience. Some Tips and Resources for Reading Mooladhanam

Reading Mooladhanam can be a rewarding and transformative experience, but it can also be a challenging and daunting task. Here are some tips and resources that can help the reader to overcome the difficulties and enjoy the benefits of reading the book.

  • Read with a purpose and a plan: Before starting to read the book, the reader should have a clear idea of why they want to read it and what they hope to learn from it. The reader should also have a realistic plan of how much time and effort they can devote to reading the book. The reader should set a specific goal and a schedule for each reading session, and stick to them as much as possible.

  • Read with an open and curious mind: While reading the book, the reader should be willing to question their own assumptions and prejudices, and to explore new perspectives and possibilities. The reader should also be curious about the context and background of the book, such as the life and times of Marx, the history and development of capitalism, and the debates and controversies that the book sparked. The reader should seek to understand the logic and evidence behind Marx's arguments, and to appreciate the richness and complexity of his ideas.

Read with a critical and creative eye: After reading the book, the reader should not just accept or reject Marx's ideas, but rather evaluate and apply them to their own situation and experience. The reader should also compare and contrast Marx's ideas with other theories and views on capitalism and society. The reader should also try to imagine how Marx's ideas can be updated and adapted to the curre


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